Last Days of Jesus–A Final “Messianic” Meal

This paper draws on many of the issues associated with the final week and its variations and misconceptions. The yellow hilites are by me to point out those issues that are:

  • Crucifixion was on Thursday not Friday
  • Did the Last Supper eat flesh and drink blood symbolically? Where could Paul have gotten that?
  • His Brothers were present at the last meal.
  • The disciple whom Jesus loved.

From Tabor’s Blog – Have I Not Seen Jesus our Lord? What Did Paul Claim to Have Seen? CHRISTIAN ORIGINS.   Extract follows.

I can hear some of my critics saying–but wait, Jesus was first raised in the “same body,” and for forty days lived among the disciples–and only then ascended to heaven and attained the transformed body that Paul experienced. Unfortunately, that will just. not work. First, it is an invention of the author of Luke-Acts. Mark and Matthew say nothing of Jesus being taken to heaven after a period of being in his “earthly” body. And in John, Jesus is a “man from heaven” from the beginning, a descending and ascending Savior figure, which is an entirely different Christology. We need to go to Paul to be clear on the earliest view of Jesus’ resurrection and there is no ambiguity:

“What is sown is perishable, what is raised is imperishable; it is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory; it is sown in weakness, it is raised in power; it is sown a physical body, it is raise a spiritual body.” (1 Corinthians 15:42-44).

1 Corinthians 15, 35-58; The Resurrection Body

35 But someone will ask, “How are the dead raised? With what kind of body do they come?” 36 Fool! What you sow does not come to life unless it dies. 37 And as for what you sow, you do not sow the body that is to be but a bare seed, perhaps of wheat or of some other grain. 38 But God gives it a body as he has chosen and to each kind of seed its own body. 39 Not all flesh is alike, but there is one flesh for humans, another for animals, another for birds, and another for fish. 40 There are both heavenly bodies and earthly bodies, but the glory of the heavenly is one thing, and that of the earthly is another. 41 There is one glory of the sun and another glory of the moon and another glory of the stars; indeed, star differs from star in glory.

42 So it is with the resurrection of the dead. What is sown is perishable; what is raised is imperishable. 43 It is sown in dishonor; it is raised in glory. It is sown in weakness; it is raised in power. 44 It is sown a physical body; it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a physical body, there is also a spiritual body. 45 Thus it is written, “The first man, Adam, became a living being”; the last Adam became a life-giving spirit. 46 But it is not the spiritual that is first but the physical and then the spiritual. 47 The first man was from the earth, made of dust; the second man is[f] from heaven. 48 As one of dust, so are those who are of the dust, and as one of heaven, so are those who are of heaven. 49 Just as we have borne the image of the one of dust, we will[g] also bear the image of the one of heaven.

50 What I am saying, brothers and sisters, is this: flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable. 51 Look, I will tell you a mystery! We will not all die,[h] but we will all be changed, 52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed. 53 For this perishable body must put on imperishability, and this mortal body must put on immortality. 54 When this perishable body puts on imperishability and this mortal body puts on immortality, then the saying that is written will be fulfilled:

“Death has been swallowed up in victory.”
55 “Where, O death, is your victory?
    Where, O death, is your sting?”

56 The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law. 57 But thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.

58 Therefore, my beloved brothers and sisters, be steadfast, immovable, always excelling in the work of the Lord because you know that in the Lord your labor is not in vain.