The Four Pauls

From Dr. James Tabor here. Text between the bold numbered lines was inserted by Tom to show the Pauline views by the unknown writers in that group as it differs from the Authentic Paul. This is a collection in progress.

1) Authentic or Early Paul: 1 Thessalonians, Galatians, 1 and 2 Corinthians, Romans, Philippians, and Philemon (50s-60s A.D.)

Who Was Phoebe? This first-century C.E. leader of the early Christian community makes a cameo appearance in Romans 16:1–2. This is in contrast to what he does not “allow” women to do in 1 Corinthians and other letters believed to not be written by Saul/Paul.

1 Corinthians 14:34 NIV – Women should remain silent in the churches. They are not allowed to speak, but must be in submission, as the law says.

2) Disputed Paul or Deutero-Pauline: 2 Thessalonians, Ephesians, Colossians (80-100 A.D.)

Ephesians 5:22 NIV –  Wives, submit yourselves to your own husbands as you do to the Lord.

3) PseudoPaul or the Pastorals: 1 and 2 Timothy, Titus (80-100 A.D.)

Let a woman learn quietly with all submissiveness. I do not permit a woman to teach or to exercise authority over a man; rather, she is to remain quiet,” (1 Timothy 2:11-12).

4) Tendentious or Legendary Paul: Acts of the Apostles (90-130 A.D.)

Did Paul Write the Pastoral Epistles? Part IV – Includes links to Parts I, II, and III.

  • Extract from Part I – So what is the evidence that 1 & 2 Timothy and Titus were not authored by Paul? Turns out, there’s quite a bit. I’ve decided to break this up over several blog posts.
  • By Chris Massey who is introduced here.