Edict of Thessalonica at Wikipedia

The Edict of Thessalonica (also known as Cunctos populos), issued on 27 February AD 380 by Theodosius I, made Nicene Christianity[note 1] the state church of the Roman Empire.[2][3][4] It condemned other Christian creeds such as Arianism as heresies of “foolish madmen,” and authorized their punishment.[5]

This edict, addressed to the inhabitants of Constantinople whom Theodosius wished to pacify in order to make the city his imperial residence, constitutes the first known secular law which includes in its preamble a clear definition of what a Christian Roman ruler considers as religious orthodoxy, opening the way of repression against dissidents qualified as “heretics”. The Edict of Thessalonica was subsequently incorporated into Book XVI of the Theodosian Code and was the milestone of the official Christianization of the Roman Empire.

Eaglesjack January 9, 2021 at 9:45 am

Bart, I awaited anxiously for this third article on Trinity. I have always wondered about this verse and confusion set in while studying numerous Bibles and their connotations. I will have to read “Misquoting Jesus.” One verse that some site for Trinity is also the odd closing of Matthew: “…go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the son, and of the Holy Spirit.” Once again, it seems oddly inserted and out of place. Vuala! Jesus, referencing the Trinity… Can you give me some info on this, what I would call, addition? Thank you, always for your interactions. Most lay students don’t get to ask the expert on a daily blog….

  • BDEhrman January 10, 2021 at 5:09 pm. My view is that this is not a reference to the Trinity per se. The doctrine of the Trinity is not simply the names of the three beings, but an understanding of how they relate to one another: they are three literally distinct persons of the Godhead, all of the same substance, and the three are one Matthew gives no hint that this is what he has in mind… Later writers for example referred to the Father, the son, the holy spirit, and the angels — but that doesn’t mean they thought they were all equal or one; so the mention of the three in Matthew is striking, but not necessarily an indication that he held to the idea of a trinity per se.

How the Trinity Got Into the New Testament: Part 2 by Bart Ehrman – I continue now with the story of how the doctrine of the Trinity as stated in 1 John 5:7 (the only passage in the entire Bible that states that there are three divine figures and “these three are one”) was actually not originally part of 1 John – or the Bible at all.  It was a later addition.  But how did it come into the King James Bible then?  Read on!

9 Faith Groups That Reject the Trinity

Below was extracted from

Neither the word “Trinity” nor the explicit doctrine appears in the New Testament, nor did Jesus and his followers intend to contradict the Shema in the Hebrew Scriptures: “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord” (Deuteronomy 6:4). The earliest Christians, however, had to cope with the implications of the coming of Jesus Christ and of the presumed presence and power of God among them—i.e., the Holy Spirit, whose coming was connected with the celebration of Pentecost. The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit were associated in such New Testament passages as the Great Commission: “Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit” (Matthew 28:19); and in the apostolic benediction: “The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit be with you all” (2 Corinthians 13:13). Thus, the New Testament established the basis for the doctrine of the Trinity.