Paul and Women

By Marg Mowczko

  • Extracts from her Paul’s Theology of Ministry: 1 Corinthians 14:34–35
    • The Quotation–Refutation Theory
      • Paul quotes the Corinthians in 14:34–35 and then refutes them in 14:36–38.
      • Another approach to reading these verses is to understand that verses 34–35 are what the Corinthians are thinking; that these two verses don’t represent Paul’s thoughts. According to this theory, Paul quotes the Corinthians in verses 34–35 and then reprimands them in verses 36 to 38. This is called the quotation-refutation theory.
      • An important part of this theory is the first word of 1 Corinthians 14:36. The King James Bible and the Revised Standard Version are two of the few English translations that have the exclamation “what!” in verse 36.
        • 35  … for it is a shame for women to speak in the church.
        • 36 What? (η) came the word of God out from you? or (η) came it unto you only?
        • 37 If any man think himself to be a prophet, or (η) spiritual, let him acknowledge that the things that I write unto you are the commandments of the Lord. 38 But if any man be ignorant, let him be ignorant.
  • The Structure and Language of 1 Corinthians 14:26-40